What is Valentine’s Day?
Valentine’s Day is celebrated on February 14th each year. Candy, flowers, and presents are shared between loved ones all over the world on Valentine’s Day, all in the name of St. Valentine.
But who is this enigmatic saint, and where did these tales originate? What is the history behind Valentine’s Day? Scroll down to learn about the history and significance of Valentine’s Day.
The History & Background
Valentine’s Day is thought to have originated in ancient Rome, when the Lupercalia festival was held from 13 February to 15 February. On these days, males slaughtered a goat and a dog, while women were lashed with the skins of the sacrificial animals in the belief that this would make them fruitful.
Who is Saint Valentine?
Valentine was the name of a number of early Christian martyrs. The Catholic Church honours at least three distinct martyred saints called Valentine or Valentinus. According to one narrative, Valentine was a priest who ministered in Rome around the third century. When Emperor Claudius II felt that unmarried men were better soldiers than those with wives and kids, he prohibited young men from marrying.
Valentine, seeing the decree’s unfairness, resisted Claudius and proceeded to perform covert weddings for young couples. When Valentine’s deeds were exposed, Claudius sentenced him to death. Others argue that the original namesake of the event was Saint Valentine of Terni, a bishop. Claudius II also beheaded him outside of Rome.
According to a different tale, St Valentine was assassinated for attempting to aid Christians in their escape from harsh Roman jails, where they were frequently beaten and tormented. According to one tale, an imprisoned Valentine really delivered the first “valentine” message after falling in love with a young girl—possibly his jailor’s daughter, who visited him while he was imprisoned.
It is said that before his death, he sent her a letter inscribed “From your Valentine,” an idiom that is still used today. Although the reality underlying the Valentine legends is hazy, all of them highlight his attractiveness as a compassionate, courageous, and, most significantly, romantic person.
Valentine’s Day Origins: A Pagan Festival
While some believe that Valentine’s Day is celebrated in the middle of February to commemorate the anniversary of Valentine’s death or burial, which occurred around A.D. 270, others believe that the Christian church decided to place St. Valentine’s feast day in the middle of February in an effort to “Christianize” the pagan celebration of Lupercalia. Lupercalia, celebrated on the 15th of February, was a fertility festival devoted to Faunus, the Roman god of agriculture, as well as the Roman founders Romulus and Remus.
Valentine’s Day is thought to have originated in ancient Rome, when the Lupercalia festival was held from 13 February to 15 February. On these days, males slaughtered a goat and a dog, while women were lashed with the skins of the sacrificial animals in the belief that this would make them fruitful. A matchmaking game would also be held during the celebration. Men would choose names of ladies from a jar and marry them for the period of the celebration, or even longer.
Pope Gelasius banned the ancient traditions of Lupercalia in the fifth century and united them with St. Valentine’s Day. St. Valentine’s Day festivities became more romantic once the pagan ceremonies were removed. The festival became all about romance. Popular poets such as Geoffrey Chaucer and William Shakespeare helped popularize this day by penning pleasant things about love and passion.
As a tribute of affection and thanks, self-made cards were exchanged. The custom survived until the nineteenth century, when the industrial revolution enabled the production of a large number of cards for the event. Since then, Valentine’s Day has been honoured affectionately by sharing cards, presents, and flowers to convey love to a lover.
Who is The Cupid?
Cupid is frequently depicted on Valentine’s Day cards as a nude cherub hurling love darts at unsuspecting couples. However, Cupid, the Roman Deity, has his origins in Greek mythology as Eros, the Greek god of love. Accounts of his birth differ; some claim he is the son of Nyx and Erebus, while others believe he is the son of Aphrodite and Ares, and still others say he is the son of Iris and Zephyrus, or even Aphrodite and Zeus (who would have been both his father and grandfather).
Valentine’s Day Celebrations
Valentine’s Day is a day to celebrate love. People reveal their sentiments to a love interest and express their admiration for them. Couples make each other feel unique by showering each other with affection and kindness. As a sign of beauty and love, traditional presents, wishes, and red roses are given to a significant other. Modern-day festivities often feature romantic outings and candlelight meals.
In many regions of the world, the day is also marked with expressions of affection for friends and family members. Movie evenings, preparing dinners with friends, or throwing a Valentine’s Day party are all important ways to celebrate this day.
HAPPY VALENTINE’S DAY EVERYONE! If you read till here, Here’s 2 special songs from me to you!
BRUNO MARS – LOCKED OUT OF HEAVEN
MUNBE VAA BY AR RAHMAN FROM THE FILM SILLUNU ORU KADHAL